The evolution of the urban space from a territorially integrated entity to a concept/notion of a broader geographic periphery, which is spatially dispersed beyond traditional models of planning and design concerning primary urban centers leads to a different reading of urban geography. The recognition of this "landscape", which constitutes by now a new reality, must project alternative designs and strategies of spatial organization that will give priority to the city/polis itself that constitutes the ultimate frame of reference and foundation for any architectural meaning. The theme/subject of the workshop concerns the systematic study of the ways with which man has used the natural landscape and at the same time how the natural landscape configured its cultural structure. “Formation” involves describing all the physical and cultural landscapes, and then looking for formal patterns across landscapes to determine the connections between culture and the landscape. The goal is to create composite types, so that you can measure future landscapes against them. Landscape can also be viewed as a place of cultural exchange, a site in which practices and processes of cultural exchange become forms of cultural heritage. The natural landscape provides the materials, culture provides the shaping force, and the “mind of man” creates culture; however, it is man’s record upon the landscape. What we perceive as cultural characteristics in a place/topos consist, in the first place, of variations in skill [innate or acquired] that are developed and are incorporated into the human organism through his actions in forming the environment that he appropriates and inhabits.