Course Code 

At the end of the course, as in the previous semester, the students are expected to be in position to design representations and images of 3D objects by applying scientifically based methods of representation that are nowadays used by engineers and not by applying simple practical methods.

In this way the students will be able:

1. To cover adequately the needs of representation of any object on their field of interest.

2. To realize the methods of creation of any image that appears on a computer screen when CAD programs are used.

3. To understand the geometrical relations in space of the object.

4. To study the geometrical relations between 3D and 2D representation of the objects.



A. Study of second degree surfaces, eg cone, cylinder, sphere, ellipsoid, hyperbolic paraboloid, etc., as well as other surfaces such as torus, etc.

B. Basic principles of two Methods of Representation.

1. Axonometry.

2. Projection with elevations.  

C. Applications of the methods.

1. Surfaces are represented using the above methods.

2. Representation of geometrical objects with the four Methods of Representation.

3. Transformation of the representation of an object to another means of representation.

4. Intersections of surfaces.

5. Developments.

6. Shades and Shadows of surfaces.

7. Applications of Methods of Representation on real problems that occur on practicing the profession of Architects.

D. The elements of Synthetic Projective Geometry of the 1st semester are continued and basic geometric properties are applied in the Descriptive Geometry. Architectural themes that include all these principles are analyzed.